Motherhood

Throughout the decades, the feminist fight in Western countries has celebrated some victories such as the right to vote, reproduction rights, equal pay laws – however poorly applied in reality – and the end of the indivisible link between womanhood and motherhood.

As capitalism and neoliberalism do, we were made to believe that maybe we could have it all. Now, the outbreak of Covid-19 and lockdown have been like a slap in the face for many women, especially those from the have-it-all generation, and the truth has been revealed. However far we advance in rights and however strong the feminist cause grows, the patriarchy still runs the show.

Consequently, within the home environment, mothers are bearing the brunt of extra childcare and housework. At work, mothers were often either told that they could not work from home, pushing them to keep going to work and consequently putting them at risk; asked to take sick leave; or made redundant, ignoring government guidelines on furlough for those caring for children. Legal advice lines have also been inundated with calls from pregnant women who have been made redundant while male workers have been kept on, and others who have been told they must go to work or they would loose their job despite being categorised as a vulnerable group in government guidance.

Charity ”Pregnant Then Screwed” surveyed 3,700 mums and found that:

  • 57% of working mums believe that managing childcare during Covid-19 has damaged their career prospects.
  • 49% of working mums feel forced to send their children back to nursery because of their jobs.
  • 78% of working mums have found it challenging to manage their paid work alongside childcare.
  • 25% of these mothers said their employers have not shown them any flexibility when trying to manage their jobs with childcare.

Adapting To The New Reality Of Life Under Lockdown

The lockdown was a time of great anxiety and uncertainty. For many, it felt like the world had changed. People were stuck inside their homes, lacking social connectedness and unable to visit other places. 

The film is a combination of Ochkovskaya’s personal experiences; as a wife, mother and artist at home with her 5-year-old daughter for several months during the pandemic. She created a fantastical new world which offered an escape from the daily routine. It is the story of one woman’s journey through the pandemic, finding her space in the world.  Her work makes familiar things unfamiliar: giving everyday domestic experiences and routines a new meaning, changing our perceptions. Ochkovskaya explores the construction of women’s identity within the domestic space, which is traditionally gendered as a female sphere. Women are objectified, positioned and confined; women are becoming the Other in relation to men in patriarchal societies.

Liminal vessels

These ceramic vessels caught in tightly stretched skin-like latex dig deep into our ambiguous feelings towards the flesh. Ceramics and skin both function as containers or carriers of matter and meaning. The taut latex represents the feeling of being physically and psychologically stretched between priorities as a studying and working mother. For Strachan, already a member of the ‘sandwich generation’ caring for both children and elderly parents; Covid-19 lockdown, as for many women, intensified the tension between her different forms of labour.

Transitioning between roles and realities – seemingly coherent worlds or spaces of objects and beings – she came to question the definitions of these worlds when experienced within a confined space. In lock-down, she grieved for time spent in the interstitial – or in between – moments. Reflecting on this, her work explores the liminal state between body and object, between corporeal and non-corporeal.

Freedom in Lockdown

Ruiz’s photographic language is a form of deep connection with herself, where she detaches from traditional maternal stereotypes and from what society assumes of a woman photographer.

“Lockdown was an opportunity for me to connect with my kids as I did when they were babies, at home, with time for attention, dedication and observation. I returned to the feeling of meeting these new little people, exploring their unknown personal aspects (also my own) and enjoying the novelty. There were many contradictions, there were days of uncertainty and changes, but I felt a strange peace in the ‘stopping’.”

Three Weeks in Lockdown

During the lockdown and the subsequent sharp increase in domestic violence, Brookes became increasingly aware of the media’s portrayal of women – in particular the women who were murdered through domestic violence. Gender bias diverted blame from the perpetrator onto the virus, practically suggesting that the murders were an accident caused by stress. In England and Wales alone 14 women and 2 children were murdered over 3 weeks in 13 separate locations across the country.* As the stories of the murdered women and children faded she felt the need to mark the locations across the country where the murders happened. Her piece ‘Three weeks in Lockdown 2020’ is inspired by Suzanne Lacy’s project ‘Three Weeks in May 1977’. She used charcoal and chalk – as with the women’s memories it will fade and wash away.

*The source of the data used by the artist is Counting Dead Women by Karen Ingala Smith, which does not include transwomen. (Sheroes project stands for diversity and therefore includes women, trans and gender non-conforming individuals, without them our mission would not be complete.)

A fly buzzes
A whirring drone
The dog sighs
We’re at last alone.
For one short morning
The house is mine
A quiet fort
Of my design.
The wind rallies
A car door shuts
Pigeons call
And sparrows fuss.
We lay on the sofa
The dog and I.
I watch the clouds
She shuts her eyes.
I feel my breath
I feel my aches
I hear the sounds
My stomach makes.
I ignore the mess
Around the room
The toys and books
I should tidy soon.
Leaf shadows dance
Above my head
A compelling show
To watch instead.

Poem: Alone for One Morning

This poem was written two months after schools closed when my husband took our children out for a morning. It was the first time I’d been alone in the house since their last day at school. I had planned to spend the time sorting through the mess that had built up while I juggled homeschooling with freelancing. Instead I lay on the sofa enthralled by the quiet– and the shapes of the leaf shadows on the wall above me.

For many women, the lockdown was an exhausting experience. My husband and I had initially agreed a schedule to share the responsibility of homeschooling. Two weeks in, the pressure to earn kept him on his laptop from morning to night and it was clear the burden was mine to shoulder alone.

The strain took a toll on my physical and mental health. My periods stopped for 10 weeks and only returned when the children finally went back to school. I gained a stone because I didn’t have time to exercise and I drank a lot more. I collapsed over the finish line. But I got there. I kept them happy. I kept them learning. I just wore myself out in the process.

SHEROES PRIZE

Vote for your favourite artist to help her win the Sheroes Prize!

With Art Fund support, the chosen artist will win £150.

The Sheroes Prize Winner will be announced on our second Virtual Talk and Closure Event on November 25th – the International Day for the Elimination of Violence Against Women.

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Covid-19 crisis could set women back decades, experts fear
‘I feel like a 1950s housewife’: how lockdown has exposed the gender divide

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Sheroes is a collaborative project that highlights hidden herstories through the arts.

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Sheroes is a Lon-art project. Copyright © Lon-art.org 2019.  All rights reserved.

Svetlana Ochkovskaya

Svetlana Ochkovskaya graduated with an MFA in Fine Art from Goldsmiths University of London in 2020. She has exhibited internationally, and was shortlisted for the Sunny Art Prize 2020, Harvest Short Film 2019, the Batsford Prize Award 2019 and 2017 and the Visual Art Open Prize 2018.

Svetlana was shortlisted for the Platform Graduate Award 2017 and Best Visual Artist Guide Award Portsmouth 2019 and 2018 by Aspex Gallery (Portsmouth). She has completed residencies at Southampton Solent University, Aspex Gallery and Space/Sticks Gallery in Fareham.

Sarah Strachan

Sarah Strachan’s work interrogates how people’s perception of being in, knowing and belonging to the world affects their ecological awareness and thinking. Her multi-disciplinary practice approaches environmental changes through research, collaboration and deep connections with the land – its people and materials.

Through printmaking, painting and ceramics she seeks to make sense of the world, often fusing sound and/or moving image into the final installation. Situated in the context of the Arte Povera and land art movements, her work questions and disrupts habitual perspectives through the liminality of objects, materials and spaces.

Irene G. Ruiz

Irene G. Ruiz (b. 1982) is a photographer from Barcelona. Following a period living in Ibiza and working in photojournalism, fashion and editorial photography, the birth of her first child (2011) generated an interest in maternity portraits.

Irene works intuitively, capturing the essence of women and their families at her portrait studio in Barcelona. Recent projects merge her professional skills with her feminist perspective and experiences as a mother, highlighting the diverse beauty of femininity.

by Irene G. Ruíz

Alice Brookes

Alice Brookes’s work is concerned with gender – exploring the relentless need society has to control and silence women, often through fear and shame in a media saturated world. Her performances are also about residue, what is left behind as much as the performance itself. Her work encompasses elements of activism, writing and photography.

She draws on personal experience, politics, social media and artists both current and historical; alongside feminist theory that highlights the ‘depictions of women as saint or sinner, mother or monster’. Being ‘that’ sort of woman, ‘that’ sort of mother are entrenched boundaries that she battles against constantly.

Amanda Harvey

Amanda Harvey is a poet and feminist writer. She gained a First Class Honours BA in Creative Writing from Middlesex University. Her poetry has been published in a British Council anthology, a project for which she travelled to Bangladesh to collaborate with students of Dhaka University.

Amanda aims to create a more honest depiction of the female experience than that which permeates much literature. Following a break to focus on parenting, Amanda is now working on a book and writing new poems. She is married with two children aged 6 and 9 and lives in a small village in rural Suffolk.

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